The University is a civil corporation established under common law, which was formally incorporated by the Act for Incorporation of Both Universities 1571 under the name of ‘The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford’.
For a full explanation of the legal status of the University, please refer to the Preface of the New University Statutes and Congregation Regulations.
The University enjoys charitable status as one of the exempt charities listed in Schedule 3 to the Charities Act 2011. An exempt charity enjoys all the tax exemptions and other benefits of a charity, but is exempt from certain requirements, notably the need to register with the Charity Commission.
The University is a corporate body, but it is not a limited company; and therefore it is not registered at Companies House.
Nor does the University have a Charity registration number, since (as explained above) it is not on the Register of Charities.